Plato immortality of the soul essay
From: Juan B.
Category: discipline essay
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For thousands of years now, the human body is believed to be consisting of two main entities: the body and the soul. Several beliefs and opinion have have been written, spoken and shown regarding the existence of a soul. Parting from popular notion, the question still lingers, what is a soul? Religion as well as philosophy defines it as an essence of self awareness unique to a particular living entity. Even the dictionary has several definitions for the term soul. One of which is that a soul is a spiritual part of a person regarded in its moral aspect.
The Immortality of the Soul Essay
The Immortality of the Soul Essay - Words | Bartleby
The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul. It is set in the last hours prior to the death of Socrates , and is Plato's fourth and last dialogue to detail the philosopher's final days, following Euthyphro , Apology , and Crito. One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. In the dialogue, Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock. Socrates has been imprisoned and sentenced to death by an Athenian jury for not believing in the gods of the state though some scholars think it was more for his support of " philosopher kings " as opposed to democracy  and for corrupting the youth of the city. By engaging in dialectic with a group of Socrates' friends, including the two Thebans , Cebes , and Simmias , Socrates explores various arguments for the soul's immortality in order to show that there is an afterlife in which the soul will dwell following death. Phaedo tells the story that following the discussion, he and the others were there to witness the death of Socrates.
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The Concepts of Immortality and Reproduction in Plato's Perspective on Love
In Plato s Phaedo, he argues that the soul will continue to exist, and that it will go on to a better place. The argument begins on the day of his execution with the question of whether it is good or bad to die. In other words, he is arguing that the soul is immortal and indestructible. This argument is contrary to Cebes and Simmias who argue that even the soul is long lasting, it is not immortal and it is destroyed when the body dies. This paper focuses on Plato s four arguments for immortality of the human soul and his counter arguments to Cebes and Simmias arguments.
Phaedo was set in a prison. While in prison, Socrates contemplated whether or not there is an afterlife and whether or not the soul can survive death. In the book Plato 's Phaedo, Socrates argues that the soul will continue to exist, and that it will go on to a better place. The argument begins on the day of Socrates execution with the question of whether it is good or bad to die. In other words, he is arguing that the soul is immortal and indestructible.